Development for Instructional Coaches


Instructional Coaching is an important part of ensuring that each student in Utah has access to a highly-skilled teacher who can effectively meet their unique needs. Instructional Coaches provide job-embedded learning that benefits all of the teachers within the school and enables administrators to build important school and district goals into practice within each classroom.

Competencies of a Quality Instructional Coach

Instructional Coaching Resources

Foundations of Instructional Coaching

A Quality Instructional Coach
  • Utilizes the Utah State Board of Education (USBE) coaching model which includes, Pre-partnership, Collaborative Planning, Implementation, Reflection, and Follow-up
  • Professionally supports teachers in creating and accomplishing goals aligned with the vision and expectations of the school and district through high-quality coaching practices
  • Effectively improves student outcomes through building the capacity of the educators to use best practices to meet student needs
  • Builds trusting relationships through clear communication that is non-threatening and objective
  • Effectively listens and communicates through asking probing and reflective questions
  • Can help teachers to analyze and utilize data to shift instructional decision making and practices
  • Understands the differences between elementary and secondary student development and elementary and secondary pedagogy

Adult Learning Theory

A Quality Instructional Coach
  • Applies effectively the theories of adult learning theories in coaching and professional learning
  • Recognizes and support the stages of educators’ development and helping to identify and build their level of self-efficacy to increase effectiveness
  • Understands and applies theories of change that encourage growth mindset and professional progress
  • Designs and facilitates professional learning using adult learning theory- effectively honors experience and differentiates coaching and professional learning to meet the needs of educators

Instructional Design and Assessment

A Quality Instructional Coach
  • Models effective instructional design theories such as backwards design, universal design for learning, explicit instruction, inquiry, and/or collaborative learning
  • Facilitates and guides alignment of instruction and assessment to state standards and competencies
  • Uses technology effectively to engage teachers in professional learning and in data-driven instruction
  • Understands assessment designs and the different modalities of assessing students
  • Facilitates data analysis of different formative and summative assessments to inform instruction
  • Models and facilitates instructional planning through intentional pacing, alignment to frameworks, and mapping out concepts to ensure that an effective sequence is followed
  • Utilizes a strong knowledge of evidence-based resources to evaluate them to meet the needs of students and uses it to identify options for differentiation and tiered instruction
  • Encourages students to engage in self-reflection through modeling and supporting educators to use this practice

Strategies for Effective Instructional Delivery

A Quality Instructional Coach
  • Shares current research on best and most effective strategies supported by Local Education Agency (LEA) for delivery and engagement
  • Collects data and shares strategies to help educators increase student engagement, motivation, and participation promoting effective, positive classroom management
  • Has a deep knowledge of Utah’s Effective Teaching Standards

Effective Leadership and Collaboration

A Quality Instructional Coach
  • Fosters positive, productive relationships with all stakeholders that allow for effective collaboration
  • Effectively creates an alignment of state, district, school, team, and individual goals for educators
  • Advocates for and models equity across all practices
  • Advocates for and models self-advocacy by educators and students
  • Facilitates critical conversations and conflict resolution
  • Engages in continued learning, growth, and reflection on instructional coaching practices


The Utah State Board of Education is pleased to introduce a new Instructional Coaching Endorsement available for Utah educators. This endorsement is intended to recognize the development of specific competencies that an effective Instructional Coach needs to provide the needed supports in charters, schools, and districts.

Endorsement Applications
Utah State Board of Education Educator Licensing

Professional Learning Standards

Utah Professional Learning Standards Toolkit