Special Education: Acronyms


  • AIT
    Agency for Instructional Technology
  • ALO
    Alternative Learning Options
  • ALS
    Alternative Language Services
  • AMA
    American Medical Association
  • AMI
    Alliance for the Mentally Ill
  • AMLS
    Alternative Middle Level Schools
  • AMD
    Alternative Mobility Device
  • AP
    Advanced Placement
  • APD
    Auditory Processing Disorder
  • APE
    Adapted Physical Education
  • APPE
    Average Per Pupil Expenditure
  • APR
    Annual Performance Report
  • APSE
    Association for Persons in Supported Employment
  • APTD
    Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled
  • ARD
    Admission, Review and Dismissal
  • ARL
    Alternative Routes to Licensure
  • AS
    Asperger's Syndrome
    Autism Spectrum
  • ASC
    Advanced Study Center
  • ASCD
    Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development
  • ASD
    Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • ASDO
    Alternative Service Delivery Options
  • ASHA
    American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
  • ASL
    American Sign Language
  • AT
    Assistive Technology
  • ATC 
    Alternative Teacher Certification
    Area Technical Center
  • AU
  • AUT
  • AYP
    Adequate Yearly Progress


  • BAC
    Behavior Adjustment Class
  • BASC
    Behavior Rating Scale for Children
  • BASI
    Basic Adult Skills Inventory
  • BD
    Behavior Disorder
  • BDS
    Bureau of Developmental Services
  • BEP
    Behavioral Education Plan
  • BEST
    Behavioral and Educational Strategies for Teachers
    Bilingual Education Technical Assistance Centers 
  • BI
    Brain Injury
  • BIA
    Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • BIAU
    Brain Injury Alliance of Utah
  • BIP
    Behavior Intervention Plan
  • BLS
    Basic Life Support
  • BMP
    Behavior Management Plan


    Children in Need of Services
  • CHIP
    Children's Health Insurance Program
  • CIMP
    Continuous Improvement Monitoring Process
  • CIL
    Center for Independent Living
  • CLAS
    Culturally Linguistic Appropriate Services
  • CLD
    Culturally and Linguistically Diverse
  • CMHC
    Community Mental Health Centers
  • CNP
    Child Nutrition Programs
  • CNS
    Central Nervous System
  • COE
    Certificate of Eligibility
  • COTA
    Certified Occupational Therapist Assistant
  • CP
    Cerebral Palsy
  • CPPC
    Cooperative Personnel Planning Council
  • CPSE
    Committee on Preschool Special Education
  • CRI
    California Research Institute 
  • CRT
    Criteria Referenced Test
  • CSA
    Childhood Sexual Abuse
  • CSE
    Case Study Evaluation
  • CSPD
    Comprehensive System of Personnel Development
  • CSR
    Comprehensive School Reform
  • CSS
    Carson Smith Scholarship 
    Community Support Services
  • CTE
    Career and Technical Education
  • CTT
    Community Transition Team


  • DAP
    Developmentally Appropriate Practices
    Daily and Residential Treatment Center
  • DB
    Deaf-Blind, Deaf-Blindness
  • DCD
    Developmental Coordination Disorder
  • DCFS
    Division of Child and Family Services
  • DD
    Developmental Delay
    Developmental Disability
  • DDC
    Developmental Disabilities Council
  • DDD
    Division of Developmental Disabilities
  • DDS
    Disability Determination Services
  • DEC
    Division for Early Childhood
  • DEOA
    Department of Education Organization Act
    Deaf and Hard of Hearing Assessment Program
  • DHHS
    Department of Health and Human Services
  • DHS
    Department of Human Services
  • DI
    Direct Instruction
    Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills


  • EBD
    Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
  • EC
    Early Childhood
    Exceptional Children
  • ECE
    Early Childhood Education
  • ECI
    Early Childhood Intervention
  • ED
    Emotional Disturbance
    Education Department General Administration Regulations
  • EE
    Essential Elements
  • EFIG
    Education Finance Incentive Grants 
  • EHA
    Education of the Handicapped Act
  • EI
    Early Intervention
    Early Intervention/Early Childhood Special Education
  • EIP
    Early Intervention Program
  • EIPA
    Educational Interpreter Proficiency Assessment
  • EIN
    Early Intervention Network
  • EIS
    Early Intervening Services
  • ELL
    English Language Learners
  • EMDR
    Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing
  • EMT
    Emergency Medical Technician
    Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment
  • ERIC
    Educational Research Information Clearinghouse
  • ESC
    Educational Service Center
  • ESE
    Exceptional Student Education
  • ESEA
    Elementary and Secondary Education Act
  • ESL
    English as a Second Language
  • ESY
    Extended School Year
  • ETP
    Effective Teaching Practices


  • FACT
    Families, Agencies and Communities Together
  • FAIP
    Functional Assessment and Intervention Program
  • FAPE
    Free Appropriate Public Education
    Families and Advocates Partnership for Education
  • FBA
    Functional Behavioral Assessment
  • FC
    Facilitated Communication
    Foster Care
  • FDAB
    Fair Dismissal Appeals Board
  • FEOG
    Full Educational Opportunity Goal
    Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
  • FFY
    Federal Fiscal Year
  • FiCAM
    Fiscal Compliance, Accountability, and Monitoring
    Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education
  • FLSA
    Fair Labor Standards Act
  • FMLA
    Family Medical Leave Act
  • FOIA
    Freedom of Information Act
  • FTE
    Full-Time Equivalent
  • FY
    Fiscal Year


  • GAO
    Government Accounting Office
  • GAPS
    Guardianship, Advocacy, and Protective Services
  • GE
    General Education
  • GEPA
    General Education Provisions Act
  • GSEG
    General Supervision Enhancement Grant
  • GT
    Gifted and Talented


  • HCFA
    Health Care Financing Administration
  • HEAT
    Home Energy Assistance Target
  • HI
    Hearing Impaired
  • HO
    Hearing Officer
  • HOH
    Hard of Hearing
  • HOTS
    Higher-Order Thinking Skills
  • HS
    Head Start
    High School
  • HSC
    High School Completion


  • IAES
    Interim Alternative Educational Setting
  • IASA
    Improving America's Schools Act
  • ICC
    Interagency Coordinating Council
  • ICD
    International Code of Diseases
  • ICDP
    Individual Career Development Plans
  • ICF
    Intermediate Care Facility
    Intermediate Care Facility for Mental Retardation
  • ID
    Intellectual Disability
  • IDEA
    Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
    Individuals with Disabilities Education Law Report
  • IED
    Intermittent Explosive Disorder
  • IEE
    Independent Education Evaluation
  • IEP
    Individualized Education Program
  • IEPC
    Individualized Educational Planning Committee
  • IEU
    Intermediate Educational Unit
  • IFA
    Individualized Functional Assessment
  • IFSP
    Individual Family Service Plan
  • IHCP
    Individualized Health Care Plan
  • IHE
    Institution of Higher Education
  • IHP
    Individual Habilitation Plan
  • ILC
    Independent Living Center
  • ILP
    Independent Living Plan
  • ILT
    Instructional Leadership Training
  • IMC
    Instructional Materials Center
  • IML
    Instructional Materials Laboratory
  • IPE
    Individual Plan for Employment
  • IPL
    Initial Program Load
  • IPP
    Individual Program Plan
  • IQ
    Intellectual Quotient
  • ISP
    Individualized Service Plan
  • ISS
    In-School Suspension
  • ITH
    Intensive Training Home
  • ITIP
    Instructional Theory Into Practice
  • ITP
    Individual Transition Plan


  • JDRP
    Joint Dissemination Review Panel
  • JJAE
    Juvenile Justice Alternative Education
  • JOBS
    Job Opportunities and Basic Skills
  • JTPA
    Job Training Partnership Act


  • LA
    Language Arts
  • LCPD
    Legislative Coalition for People with Disabilities
  • LD
    Learning Disorder 
    Learning Disabled
  • LDA
    Learning Disabilities Association of America
  • LEA
    Local Education Agency
  • LEAD
    Local Education Agency Directors
  • LEDS
    Law Enforcment Data System
  • LEP
    Limited English Proficient
  • LICC
    Local Interagency Coordinating Council
    Liaison for Individuals Needing Coordinated Services
  • LoF
    Letter of Finding 
  • LPTA
    Licensed Physical Therapist Assistant
  • LRBI
    Least Restrictive Behavioral Interventions
  • LRE
    Least Restrictive Environment
  • LSSP
    Licensed Specialist in School Psychology
  • LTCF
    Long-Term Care Facility
  • LTCT
    Long-Term Care and Treatment


  • MA
    Mental Age
  • MBD
    Minimal Brain Dysfunction
  • MBO
    Management by Objective
  • MD
    Multiple Disabilities
    Manifestation Determination
  • MDC
    Multi-Disciplinary Conference
  • MDE
    Multi-Disciplinary Evaluation
  • MDT
    Multi-Disciplinary Team
    Manifest Determination Team
  • M/ED
    Mental or Emotional Disturbance
  • MEP
    Migrant Education Program
  • MESA
    Mathematics, Engineering, Science Achievement
  • MESC
    Migrant Education Service Center
  • MFCU
    Medically Fragile Children's Unit
  • MH
    Mental Health
    Medically Handicapped
  • MHM
    Multi-Handicap Mainstream
  • MHMR
    Mental Health Mental Retardation
  • MI
    Multi Intelligences
  • MIS
    Management Information Systems
  • MM
    Mild Moderate
  • MMS
    Mastery Management System
    Mountain Plains Regional Resource Center
  • MR
    Mentally Retarded 
    Mental Retardation
  • MRDD
    Mentally Retarded Developmentally Disabled
  • MSDD
    Multisystem Development Disorder
    Migrant Student Record Transfer System
  • MST
    Multi-Systematic Therapy


  • NABE
    National Association for Bilingual Education
  • NAEP
    National Assessment of Educational Progress
    National Association of Elementary School Principals
  • NAMI
    National Alliance on Mental Illness
  • NARC
    National Association for Retarded Citizens 
    National Association of State Boards of Education
    National Association of State Directors of Special Education
    National Association of State Directors of Teacher Education and Certification
  • NASP
    National Association of School Psychologists
    National Association of Secondary School Principals
  • NCES
    National Center for Education Statistics
    No Child Left Behind Act
  • NCSC
    National Center and State Collaborative
  • NDT
    Neurodevelopmental Treatment


  • O&A
    Observation and Assessment
  • O&M
    Orientation and Mobility
    Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Language Affairs
  • OCD
    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • OCR
    Office of Civil Rights
  • ODAS
    Occupational Data Analysis System
  • ODD
    Oppositional Defiant Disorder
  • OE
    Open Entries
  • OECD
    Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
  • OH
    Orthopedically Handicapped
  • OHI
    Other Health Impairment
  • OI
    Orthopedically Impaired
  • OSEP
    Office of Special Education Programs
    Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services
  • OT
    Occupational Therapy
  • OT/PT
    Occupational Therapy/Physical Therapy


    Parent Education Advocacy Training Center
  • PECS
    Picture Exchange Communication System
    Public Education Information Management System
  • PERS
    Public Employees Retirement System
  • PET
    Pupil Evaluation Team
  • PIC
    Private Industry Council
  • PT
    Physical Therapy



  • SARS
    Services for At-Risk Students
  • SAS
    Supplementary Aids and Services
  • SAT
    Scholastic Aptitude Test
  • SB
    Spinal Bifida
  • SBR
    Scientifically-Based Research
  • SBS
    School-wide Behavioral Supports
  • SC
    Service Coordinator
  • SD
    School District
  • SDA
    Special Delivery Area
  • SDC
    Special Day Class
  • SDE
    Self-Directed Employment
  • SE
    Special Education
  • SEA
    State Education Agency
  • SEAC
    Special Education Advisory Committee
  • SECC
    Special Education Child Count
  • SED
    Serious Emotional Disturbance
  • SEMS
    Special Education Management System
    Special Education Needs Coordinator
  • SENG
    Supporting the Emotional Needs of the Gifted
  • SI
    Sensory Integration
    Speech Impediment
  • SIB
    Self-Injurious Behavior
  • SICC
    State Interagency Coordinating Council
  • SID
    Sensory Integration Dysfunction
  • SIG
    State Improvement Grant
    State Improvement Grant: Network and Alliances for Learning
  • SILP
    Semi-Independent Living Program
  • SIP
    State Implementation Plan
  • SIPT
    Sensory Integration and Praxis Test
  • SIS
    Student Information System
  • SLC
    Structured Learning Center
  • SLCC
    Salt Lake Community College
  • SLD
    Specific Learning Disability
  • SLI
    Speech-Language Impairment
  • SLP
    Speech-Language Pathologist
  • SLR
    State Liaison Representative
  • SLT
    Speech-Language Technician
  • SNF
    Skilled Nursing Facility
  • SOP
    State-Operated Program
  • SPD
    Severe Profound Disability
  • SPDG
    State Personnel Development Grant
  • SPI
    School Program Improvement
  • SPLD
    Semantic Pragmatic Language Disorder
  • SPOA
    Specific Power of Attorney
  • SPP
    State Performance Plan
  • SRC
    State Rehabilitation Council
  • SSA
    Social Security Administration
  • SSBD
    Systematic Screening for Behavior Disorder
  • SSCD
    Students with Significant Cognitive Disorder
  • SSDI
    Social Security Disability Income
  • SSI
    Supplemental Security Income
  • SSP
    Supplemental Service Providers
  • SST
    Student Study Team
  • STO
    Short-Term Objective
  • SWP
    School-wide Program




  • VAC
    Vocational Adjustment Counselor
    Vocational Adjustment Class
  • VCD
    Volitional Conduct Disorder
  • VEDS
    Vocational Education Data Systems
  • VI
    Visual Impairment
  • VIPP
    Violence and Injury Prevention Program


  • WQC
    Workplace Quality Council
  • WRAP
    Wraparound Program
  • WRRC
    Western Regional Resource Center


  • YIC
  • YRE
    Year-Round Education
  • YTP
    Youth Transition Program